Symptoms, Causes and Treatments for Rosacea
Rosacea is a skin condition that causes redness and visible blood vessels on your face. It can occur in anyone but is most common in adults aged 30 to 50. This condition is most commonly present on the face and is often mistaken for acne, eczema, or a skin allergy.
Read more to learn about the symptoms, causes, and treatment options for rosacea.
What is Rosacea?
Rosacea is believed to be caused by both genetic and environmental factors. It appears to be most common among fair-skinned people of northern European ancestry and affects an estimated 14 million Americans. Additional risk factors include female gender, menopause, and being 30 to 50 years in age.
The physical appearance of rosacia includes:
Pink or red skin with visible dilated blood vessels
Small red bumps, sometimes containing pus
Thickened skin with a bumpy texture
Pink, irritated eyes
What Are the Causes?
While the cause is not known, it may be due to problems with your immune system. When it isn’t functioning properly, it may create abnormal proteins which affect the way that blood vessels work and can cause redness and inflammation. Sun exposure can also promote rosacea as UVB radiation has been shown to promote blood vessel growth in mice, and may have a negative effect on the immune system. Facial flushing is common in rosacea and leads to inappropriate blood vessel function, causing overactive blood vessels.
One thing is for certain: the most common triggers for rosacea are sunlight, stress, heat, alcohol, spicy foods, some skin and hair products, wind and cold, medicines, and exercise.
The symptoms of rosacea are hard to ignore. They include:
● Frequent flushing or blushing on cheeks, nose, chin, and forehead
● Persistent redness
● Red lines, due to enlarged blood vessels becoming visible
● Dry skin
● Burning, stinging, or itching
● Pimple-like bumps without blackheads or whiteheads
There is no cure for rosacea, but a combination of medication and lifestyle changes can assist in managing it. Your doctor may prescribe a topical medication that can be applied directly to the skin to reduce inflammation and redness. Oral antibiotics, such as doxycycline, can also be used to treat inflammation as well as the bumps and pustules that form.
At the Idaho Skin Institute, we are dedicated to providing a superb medical experience! If you are suffering from rosacea, call us at (208)-237-9643 to make an appointment so that our highly-trained staff can begin to help you improve the health of your skin! Visit our website for more information.